Today we briefly discuss the characteristics and uses of the three yarns of viscose, polyester and nylon.
Introduction of Viscose, Polyester and Nylon Yarns
There are many types of yarns. When producing textiles, different yarns are often selected according to the needs. Today we briefly discuss the characteristics and uses of the three yarns of viscose, polyester and nylon.
Viscose Yarn - Moisture and easy to dye
The raw material of viscose yarn is man-made cellulose fiber, which is obtained by solution spinning. Due to the inconsistent coagulation rate of the fiber core layer and the outer layer, a skin-core structure is formed (obviously seen from the cross-sectional slice).
Advantages of viscose yarn
Viscose yarn is the most hygroscopic among ordinary chemical fiber yarns, with good dyeability, alkali resistance and good wearing comfort.
Disadvantages of viscose yarn
Viscose yarn has poor elasticity, poor strength and wear resistance in wet state, so viscose is not washable and has poor dimensional stability. Fabrics made from viscose are heavy and not acid resistant.
Uses of viscose yarn
Viscose yarn is widely used, and it is used in almost all types of textiles, such as filament for lining, beautiful silk, flags, streamers, tire cord, etc.; short fiber for cotton-like, wool-like, blended, interwoven, etc.
Polyester Yarn - Stiff and not wrinkled
The advantages of polyester yarn
High strength, good impact resistance, heat resistance, corrosion resistance, moth resistance, acid resistance, good light resistance (second only to acrylic fiber), and the strength remains 60-70% after 1000 hours of exposure. The fabric is easy to wash and dry quickly and has good shape retention. Has a "wash and wear" feature.
Disadvantages of polyester yarn
Polyester yarn has poor hygroscopicity, is difficult to dye, and is not resistant to alkali.
The use of polyester yarn
Polyester filament is often used as a low elastic yarn to make various textiles. Polyester staple fiber can be blended with cotton, wool, linen, etc. Industrially, polyester yarn is used for tire cord, fishing net, rope, filter cloth, insulating material, etc., and is currently the largest amount of chemical fiber yarn.
Nylon yarn - strong and wear-resistant
The advantages of nylon yarn
The biggest advantage of nylon yarn is that it is strong and wear-resistant, which is the best one. It has low density, light fabric, good elasticity, fatigue resistance, good chemical stability and alkali resistance.
Disadvantages of nylon yarn
The biggest disadvantage is that the sun resistance is not good, the fabric will turn yellow after a long time, the strength will decrease, and the moisture absorption is not good, but it is better than acrylic and polyester, and it is not acid-resistant.
The use of nylon yarn
Nylon filaments are mostly used in knitting and silk industries; nylon staple fibers are mostly blended with wool or wool-type chemical fibers to make gabardine, vanedin, etc. Industrially, polyester yarn can be used for cords and fishing nets, as well as for the production of carpets, ropes, conveyor belts, screens, etc.